# 1.1 Include the unique perspectives of others and reflect on one's own perspectives when designing and developing computational products 在设计和开发计算机产品时, 同时考虑自己的视角和他人的视角

At all grade levels, students should recognize that the choices people make when they create artifacts are based on personal interests, experiences, and needs. Young learners should begin to differentiate their technology preferences from the technology preferences of others. Initially, students should be presented with perspectives from people with different backgrounds, ability levels, and points of view. As students progress, they should independently seek diverse perspectives throughout the design process for the purpose of improving their computational artifacts. Students who are well-versed in fostering an inclusive computing culture should be able to differentiate backgrounds and skillsets and know when to call upon others, such as to seek out knowledge about potential end users or intentionally seek input from people with diverse backgrounds.

所有年级的学生都应该认识到, 人们在创造计算机产品时所做出的选择, 是受到个人的利益诉求、经验和需要所影响的.

  1. 低年级的学生需要意识到: 自己的喜好和别人的喜好是不同的. 我们可以向学生展示来自不同文化背景、能力水平、价值观念的人的不同视角
  2. 随着学生成长, 他们需要能够独立地收集不同用户的视角, 来改进他们的计算机作品
  3. 对于高年级学生来说, 应该能够区分不同的文化背景和能力差别, 并知道如何召集其他人, 来收集潜在用户的观点, 或者有意识地去收集不同文化背景的人们的观点